Intelligent User Interfaces and Guidelines for Vulnerable Populations
During the pandemic response and recovery, many health units are moving to virtual care. With this transition there is a risk that vulnerable individuals and communities will be excluded. This not only harms and poses risks for the excluded individuals but the community and country as a whole.
When understanding barriers to access, it is helpful to use the social model of disability as the standpoint. The social model views the product, environment, design or even society as the source of disability. In this way, a barrier or a disability can be viewed as a mismatch between the needs of the individual (based upon their skills and constraints) and the options provided by the service.
Systems that are flexible and responsive to individual needs and preferences are most likely to be accessible and able to meet the needs of diverse populations, even needs not yet articulated. Therefore, it is helpful to treat mismatches as affecting individuals rather than homogeneous "vulnerable populations".
To state in another way: A person is made vulnerable due to a mismatch between their individual needs and preferences, and the inflexibility of the system or service they are accessing.
"Virtual Care" is any interaction between patients and/or members of their circle of care, occurring remotely, using any forms of communication or information technologies with the aim of facilitating or maximizing the quality and effectiveness of patient care.
Virtual care, telemedicine and telehealthall refer to providing healthcare without having the care provider seeing the patient.
Telemedicine (or telehealth)refers to treatment of various medical conditions without seeing the patient in person.
Virtual careencompasses all the ways healthcare providers remotely interact with their patients.
Gaps and Barriers in virtual healthcare
The project has identified 3 areas to address in the virtual healthcare experience where gaps can appear:
lack of guidelines that represent the broad diversity of patients, caregivers, and healthcare providers
interaction barriers between the healthcare provider and patient
inflexible systems or processes create or widen gaps that prevent patients from engaging fully in their healthcare
With stakeholders, inclusive co-design activities and research will be used to identify issues, create inclusive guidelines for virtual healthcare, and design a flexible, intelligent personalization tool for virtual healthcare systems.
Virtual health COVID response and scope of this project
Work in this project initially set out to create guidelines and software tools in context of the COVID-19 response, but has adjusted its scope through the course of research, and collaboration of various stakeholders. This guideline aims to avoid the fragility and limitations of prior examples by being:
generally applicable to virtual healthcare scenarios in general, not just during the COVID-19 pandemic; and
intentionally incomplete and continually changing and evolving to meet needs and address evolving barriers.